World diamond market

The world diamond market is represented by diamond mining and trade in rough diamonds.

South Africa

  • Kimberley (Petra Diamonds)
  • Cullinan (Petra Diamonds)
  • Finsch (DBCM)
  • Koffiefontein (Petra Diamonds)
  • Venetia (DBCM)


  • Orange River Diamond Mines (Namdeb)
  • Alexander Bay Marine Mining (Namdeb)


  • Diavik (DDMI)
  • Ekati (BHP Billiton)
  • Gahcho Kue (СП)
  • Snap Lake Mine (De Beers)
  • Victor (De Beers)


  • Murowa (Зимбабве, Rio Tinto)

Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Bakwanga
  • Forminière Diamond Mine


  • Orapa (Debswana)
  • Jwaneng (Debswana)
  • Damtshaa (Debswana)


  • Argyle (Rio Tinto)


  • Catoca (SMC)


  • Aikhal (ALROSA)
  • Botuobinskaya (ALROSA)
  • Nyurbinskaya (ALROSA)
  • Internatsionalnaya (ALROSA)
  • Mir (ALROSA)
  • Komsomolskaya (ALROSA)
  • Udachnaya (ALROSA)
  • Zarnitsa (ALROSA)
  • Yubileynaya (ALROSA)
  • Molodo (ALROSA)
  • Arkhangelskaya (ALROSA)
  • Karpinsky-1 (ALROSA)

The world diamond market is represented by diamond mining and trade in rough diamonds. The bulk of the world diamond mining is concentrated in nine countries, with their share in the global production in physical terms as high as 99%. The world’s largest producers of natural diamonds are Russia, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Botswana, all together accounting over 60% of the global diamond production.

Top Countries in the Global Diamond Production 2016: 134.1 mln. carats

Kimberley Process companies' data

Global Diamond Production 2011-16 (thousands carats)

Kimberley Process companies' data

About 96% of the global diamond production in value terms falls to the share of the market’s leading countries. Top positions as per the cost of produced rough diamonds belong to Russia, Botswana and Canada with the cumulative production exceeding 60% of the world’s total.

Top Countries in the Global Diamond Production, 2016: $ 12 401 mln.

Kimberley Process companies' data

Global Diamond Production 2011-16 - USD million

Kimberley Process companies' data

Russia ranks first in the world’s diamond production. ALROSA Group accounts for 93% of the total diamond production in the Russian Federation in physical terms, and it is the leader of the global diamond mining industry. Major mining companies are engaged in mining in the main diamond-producing countries, the exception being Zimbabwe and the DRC, where diamond deposits are developed by small companies and prospectors. The graph below represents the geography of the companies’ activities including exploration.

World’s Leading Diamond Mining Companies
Company Country
ALROSA Russia, Angola, Botswana (exploration), Zimbabwe (exploration)
De Beers Botswana, South Africa, Namibia, Canada
Rio Tinto Australia, Canada
Dominion Diamond Canada
Petra Diamonds South Africa, Tanzania, Botswana (exploration)

Companies’ data

Diamond Production by Leading Companies, 2016

* - including Ekati; Companies’ data

The world’s diamond mining is concentrated in the major primary deposits accounting for about 60% of the global diamond production. The remaining production is concentrated in placer deposits, the principal of them located in the DRC (Mbiji-Mayii) and Zimbabwe (Marange).

Production Output of the World's Major Diamond Deposits, 2016 (thousand carats)

Kimberley Process and compnies' data; * - Ekati includes open-pit and undergroung mining; ** - output, including further development of the open-pit

By their attributes diamonds from deposits fall into two categories: gem quality and industrial grade diamonds. The former is used in diamond jewelry production, while the latter is used for industrial purposes (manufacture of drills, saws, and abrasive powders). Gem quality rough diamonds are sorted by size, color, quality and shape, and then are sold to buyers in conformity with the sales policy adopted in a rough diamond production company. Depending on the quality of the mined rough diamonds, the current state of the market, the adopted marketing policy, companies use different approaches to diamond sales: sights, tenders, auctions, spot transactions and long-term contracts.

The world’s largest trading centers, which concentrate the bulk of trade in natural rough diamonds, are India, Belgium, the UAE, the USA, Hong Kong and Israel. Being sold from mines, natural rough diamonds arrive at cutting and polishing plants to become polished diamonds that will be used in jewelry making.