The Kimberly Process (KP) was founded in 2000 in Kimberley, South Africa, by the governments of South Africa, Botswana and Namibia. Today there are 54 participants in the KP (including the 28 EU member states) representing 81 countries. The KP brings the diamond-producing countries and diamond importers together to eliminate trade in conflict diamonds, and stop them being used to finance rebel movements. The KP is supported by the UN, and is recognized in several UN General Assembly Resolutions calling for the exclusion of conflict diamonds from international trade.
The main KP document applying to rough diamonds is the KP Certification Scheme (KPCS), adopted in November 2002. The Scheme rules that every international shipment of rough diamonds is accompanied by a national certificate, proving its legal origin. Certificates are also stored and available for three years after diamonds are sold. In addition, these diamonds must not leave the territories of the KP country-members.
Another important KP role is providing a data exchange system to help exclude conflict diamonds from international trade. Member countries are obliged to provide data including production, import and export statistics on rough diamonds; information about changes in national laws; and responsibilities and structures of government bodies regulating the implementation of the KP Certification Scheme and issuance of Certificates.
Member countries also arrange mutual review visits and missions, observing the implementation of KPCS requirements. Review visits are voluntary, regular and made on the member country’s invitation. A review team usually consists of representatives of 3 other member states, the diamond industry and the civil society. A visit is followed by a report by a review team of experts evaluating the scope of compliance of a KP member to the established requirements and offer specific recommendations. Some KP participants, including Russia, have already hosted two review visits.
Review missions are sent by the decision of the KP Working group on monitoring agreed by the KP Chair to a country clearly violating the requirements of the Kimberley Process. A mission also needs the consent of a hosting country.
Today, the KP covers no less than 99.8% of the world diamond trade.
Russia joined the Kimberley Process in July 2000. The Ministry of Finance of Russia develops our KP policy.
In 2004, Russia passed laws allowing disclosure of data on rough diamonds production and trade. Today, Russia fully complies with the rules and standards of the KPCS.
Russia was Chair of the KP in 2005, taking the opportunity to promote further consolidation and efficiency. The KP review team also visited Russia that year.
In 2006 Russia was Chair of the Participation Committee of the KP in 2006, and in 2007-2010 took over the Chair of the Committee on Rules & Procedures, working to systematize existing rules and adopt of new procedures regulating the work of the KP, its participants and observers. Since 2013 Russia have been chairing the Committee on Rules & Procedures. By playing a major part in KP work, Russia has demonstrated a commitment to the principles of the KP, while also promoting the interests of our national diamond industry in the world economy.
From 27 July till 3 August 2013 Russia hosted its second KP review visit. The review team embraced representatives of Angola, Botswana, South Africa, EU and the World Diamond Council. They visited ALROSA’s operation facilities in Yakutia, including the Internatsionalny underground mine and Nyurbinsky open pit mine as well as Diamond Sorting Centre in the town of Mirny. The KP experts also visited the Moscow-based United Selling Organisation of ALROSA where they received detailed information on Russian diamond control and monitoring systems.
KP experts on a horizon of the Internatsionalny underground mine
The review team also had a meeting with the representatives of the Russian ministries, responsible for the implementation of the KP Certification Scheme regarding control over the movement of diamonds in the Russian territory, and consultations with the customs services.
In the aftermath of the visit, the review team prepared the Report published on 2 September 2014. The document notes that “the diamond supply chain of the Russian Federation can serve as an example to all other KP participants”.
The Report says that “based on excellent legislative guidelines, safe and secure mining, processing and sorting facilities coupled with a strong system of controls for regulation, the Review Team found the Russian Federation to be fully compliant and exceeds the minimum requirements of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme”.
KP experts at the Diamond Sorting Centre in Mirny
The KP representatives also emphasized that Russia established effective internal control system that prevents conflict diamonds from entering the trade channels that is the core objective of the KP.
The delegation left convinced that consumers can be sure of full compliance of the Russian diamond production with ethical, social and environmental standards.
Since the inception of the KP ALROSA has played an important role in its work (from 2000 as part of the Russian delegation, and starting from 2014 – as a member of the World Diamond Council).
KP official website
Russian Finance Ministry on the KP